What is chronic pelvic pain?
Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is pain in the area below a woman’s belly button and between the hips that has persisted for longer than usual and for at least three to six months. Generally, CPP refers to pain within the anatomic pelvis, and as such, not all perineal and vulvar pain disorders are categorized under CPP. The pain can be constant or episodic, but is unrelated to pregnancy.
What are the symptoms of chronic pelvic pain?
Symptoms of CPP include:
- Pain in the lower abdomen
- Painful cramps during menstruation and/or ovulation
- Painful bowel movements or pain when urinating
- Lower back pain
- Pain during or following sex
- Menstrual spotting between periods
- Abdominal bloating
What are the common conditions resulting in chronic pelvic pain?
Conditions that commonly lead to CPP include:
- Bladder cancer
- Interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Musculoskeletal causes
- Ovarian cysts
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Recurrent/chronic urolithiasis
- Urethral syndrome
Less common causes include:
- Ovarian remnant syndrome
- Pelvic congestion syndrome
What are the treatments for chronic pelvic pain?
Treatment options for CPP include:
- Physical therapy and biofeedback
- Diagnostic, therapeutic and peripheral nerve blocks
- Superior hypogastric plexus nerve blocks
- Ganglion impar blocks
- Ilioinguinal nerve blocks
- Genitofemoral nerve blocks
- Epidural steroid injections
- Sacroiliac joint injections
- IV infusion therapy
- Intrathecal (spinal) pump to deliver medication
- Spinal cord stimulation
If your gynecologist or urologist has diagnosed you with chronic pelvic pain, our personalized treatment options might be right for you. Contact Nova Spine and Pain Centers today.